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September 5, 2013—Concerned that states are failing to provide the nation’s 1890 black land-grant universities the same level of one-to-one matching dollars they provide other land-grant institutions that receive federal funding, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), today released a new policy brief, Land-Grant But Unequal: State One-to-One Match Funding for 1890 Land-Grant Universities. The report details how 1890 institutions did not receive more than $56 million due to them in state matching funds from 2010-2012 and provides policy recommendations to correct the inequity in funding to the nation’s land-grant institutions.
Under the 1862 Morrill Act, which created the vast majority of land-grant institutions, and the Morrill Act of 1890, which established 18 black land-grant universities, the federal government committed to providing financial support to schools so long as states matched that level of support. The report, developed by APLU’s Office for Access and Success (OAS), notes that while all states meet or exceed the one-to-one matching requirement for their predominantly white land-grant universities, the majority of states (11 out of 18) do not currently meet this obligation for their black land-grant universities. Data show 1890 universities did not receive more than $31 million in matching extension funds and $24 million in research funding from states over the previous three years.
“The nation’s 18 black land-grant universities produce talented students, innovative research and state-of-the-art practices in agriculture and STEM disciplines that are geared toward improving life in rural and high-risk communities. However, many of these institutions have been providing extraordinary results while their states continue to not meet their obligation to equally and equitably fund these institutions. States must do more to ensure that the inequity in funding for 1890 land-grant universities is corrected,” said John Michael Lee, Jr., who heads APLU’s OAS and authored the report with his colleague, Samaad Keys. “States must meet their obligation that was established under the Morrill Acts to equally fund the land-grant system that provides research and extension services that benefit rural farmers and communities in their state.”
APLU’s report offers detailed information about land-grant matching funds to 1890 universities and highlights survey data showing the process for ensuring states meet the one-to-one match requirements must be fixed in order to address the inequities that currently exist. The survey shows that in most cases, the state legislature is the primary decision-making body on whether institutions receive the funding.
The paper provides four recommendations for state and federal policymakers that include the following:
States should ensure that 1890 land-grant Universities receive the One-to-One Matching of Funds from the state in a separate line-item budget.
States should ensure that both 1862 and 1890 land-grant universities receive the percent of matching funds in their appropriation dollars.
States should ensure that the process to request and receive matching funds is the same for 1862 and 1890 land-grant universities.
Federal legislators should provide oversight to ensure that states meet their obligation for providing the one-to-one matching requirement and should incent states to provide the same percentage of formula match funding to both 1862 and 1890 land-grant universities within their state.
For the complete report go to: www.aplu.org/OASresearch
APLU is a research, policy, and advocacy organization representing 218 public research universities, land-grant institutions, state university systems, and related organizations. Founded in 1887, APLU is the nation's oldest higher education association with member institutions in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories. Annually, member campuses enroll more than 3.8 million undergraduates and 1.2 million graduate students, award over 1 million degrees, employ nearly 1 million faculty and staff, and conduct more than $37 billion in university-based research.
APLU’s Office of Access and Success (OAS) is dedicated to equity, access, and educational excellence for all Americans with a special focus on underserved students and minority-serving institutions. OAS is primarily responsible for supporting the APLU Council of 1890 Universities, the Commission on Access, Diversity and Excellence (CADE), Hispanic-Serving Institutions and the OAS Advisory Board.
1890 Land-grant Universities
· Alabama A&M University (AL)
· Alcorn State University (MS)
· Delaware State University (DE)
· Florida A&M University (FL)
· Fort Valley State University (GA)
· Kentucky State University (KY)
· Langston University (OK)
· Lincoln University (MO)
· North Carolina A&T State University (NC)
· Prairie View A&M University (TX)
· South Carolina State University (SC)
· Southern University System (LA)
· Tennessee State University (TN)
· Tuskegee University (AL)
· University of Arkansas, Pine Bluff (AR)
· University of Maryland Eastern Shore (MD)
· Virginia State University (VA)
· West Virginia State University (WV)
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