"Far too many students spend each day wondering where they’ll find their next meal. It’s not hard to see that a student struggling with food insecurity is also a student who can’t focus as well on their studies,” said Christel Perkins, Deputy Executive Director of USU and Assistant Vice President at APLU. “Today’s report underlines the magnitude of the challenge and the urgency of addressing it. Building on insights from leading campuses, the report also outlines concrete steps institutions can take to better serve students’ basic needs.”
“We hope the stories and experiences students shared through this research inspire more universities to take action,” said Joselin Cisneros, Education Fellow at the Kresge Foundation. “It’s clear that many students, especially since COVID, are not able to nourish themselves in adequate ways. The nine targeted actions outlined in this report can encourage more institutions to be intentional about the ways they are responding to students’ holistic needs.”
According to the Hope Center for College, Community, and Justice, 41 percent of college students (at two- and four-year institutions) experienced food insecurity within the preceding month. A separate survey found Black and Latinx households reported experiencing food insecurity at higher rates than white households (41 percent and 37 percent, respectively; compared to 23 percent) between April and June 2020.
The report provides nine action steps to address the challenge. They are:
- Increasing awareness about food insecurity on campus to destigmatize seeking help;
- Elevating the historical and societal root causes of food insecurity;
- Demystifying who the typical food insecure student is;
- Inculcating a campus expectation for everyone to play a role in addressing food insecurity;
- Assessing the impact of food insecurity on student success;
- Partnering with community stakeholders to address the issue;
- Advancing a comprehensive food security strategy that considers nutrition and food preparation education;
- Providing integrated student support for basic needs, and;
- Advancing public policy alleviating the issue.
The study identifies some innovative food security practices on campuses, piloted before the start of the pandemic. The University at Albany opened a food pantry in partnership with its local food bank and community pantries to provide over 50,000 meals. The University of Toledo partnered with its food service provider to recover unused food from campus-catered events, redirecting more than 12,000 pounds of food to food-insecure students. And the University of Washington-Tacoma launched a student-led research project to examine cultural and ethnic diet preferences to better align them with the multi-ethnic and multicultural community it serves.
After the pandemic hit, the universities turned to partners, new and old, to help mitigate food access barriers for campus stakeholders. Securing off-site pick-up of pre-bagged pantry items at local organizations, partnering with community banks to fund meal provision, and food drives in partnership with local churches are just a few examples of what participating universities accomplished in the first months following the pandemic-induced campus depopulation.
The institutions that participated in the project are: University at Albany, Morgan State University, University of New Orleans, University of Toledo, and the University of Washington-Tacoma. The report’s findings are based on interviews, focus groups, and surveys of nearly 300 students, faculty, and staff from March to December 2020.