The task force is comprised of representatives from U.S. agriculture colleges/land grant universities and veterinary colleges as well as key representatives from the production animal agriculture community and the pharmaceutical industry. The goal of the task force is to help advise the federal government on a research agenda and also help publicly disseminate information on the use of antibiotics in production agriculture. Officials from key federal agencies are expected to serve as observers to the task force and leaders from public universities in Mexico and Canada will serve as ex officio members.
Scientists and the public have grown increasingly concerned about the evolution of antibiotic resistant bacteria in veterinary and human medicine. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have expressed serious concerns as well. Some bacteria have developed defenses against different classes of antibiotic compounds.
“We recognize antibiotic resistance as a public health challenge and look forward to collaborating with APLU and the federal government on this critical initiative,” said AAVMC Executive Director Andrew T. Maccabe, noting that many of the AAVMC’s member institutions are based at land-grant universities.
“This is an important collaborative effort,” APLU President Peter McPherson said. “The task force and its members are well-positioned to advise the Obama administration as they consider strategies to address the judicious use of antibiotics in production agriculture.”
Lonnie J. King, chair of the task force and dean of The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, said, “The task force will draw on the expertise of its members to serve as a knowledgeable and important source of advice for the federal government as it develops its plans. It can also make recommendations on further research that should be undertaken to develop alternative solutions for some antibiotic use in production agriculture.”
On September 18, 2014, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) released a report, Combating Antibiotic Resistance, which laid out several recommendations to address the problem. President Obama has also issued an executive order that describes the antibiotic resistant bacteria problem as a national security priority and directs various executive branch departments and agencies to develop a specific plan of action by mid-February 2015 to address antibiotic resistance and protect public health.
APLU and AAVMC are broadly supportive of the goals articulated in President Obama’s executive order and the framework provided in the PCAST report.
Once policies are established, according to King, APLU member institutions will play an important role in educating producers and the general public about the appropriate use of antibiotics in agriculture and veterinary medicine and the design of effective stewardship programs.
The task force’s members include:
- Lonnie J. King, Dean, The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine (chair of the task force)
- Robert A. Easter, President, University of Illinois (co-chair of the task force)
- Richard A. Carnevale, Vice President, Regulatory, Scientific and International Affairs, Animal Health Institute
- Thomas Coon, Vice President, Dean and Director, Oklahoma State University Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (DASNR)
- Eleanor Green, Carl B. King Dean of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences
- Ronnie Green, Vice President and IANR Harlan Vice Chancellor, University of Nebraska
- Walter Hill, Dean, College of Agriculture, Environment and Nutrition Sciences, Tuskegee University
- Christine Hoang, Assistant Director, Division of Scientific Activities, American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)
- Ashley Peterson, Vice President of Science and Technology, National Chicken Council
- Willie Reed, Dean, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
- Kathy Simmons, Chief Veterinarian, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association
- Liz Wagstrom, Chief Veterinarian, National Pork Producers Council
Ex Officio members are:
- Alastair E. Cribb, Dean, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary
- Francisco José Trigo Tavera, Secretary of Institutional Development, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
Organization Ex Officio members are:
- Andrew T. Maccabe, Executive Director, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC)
- Ian Maw, Vice President, Food, Agriculture & Natural Resources at the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU)
APLU is a research, policy, and advocacy organization representing 238 public research universities, land-grant institutions, state university systems, and affiliated organizations. Founded in 1887, APLU is North America's oldest higher education association with member institutions in all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, four U.S. territories, Canada, and Mexico. Annually, APLU member campuses enroll 4.7 million undergraduates and 1.3 million graduate students, award 1.1 million degrees, employ 1.3 million faculty and staff, and conduct $41 billion in university-based research.
The Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) is a nonprofit membership organization working to protect and improve the health and welfare of animals, people and the environment by advancing academic veterinary medicine. Members include all 35 veterinary medical colleges in the United States and Canada, eight departments of veterinary science, seven departments of comparative medicine, 14 international colleges of veterinary medicine, and six affiliate colleges of veterinary medicine.